What To Plant In Your Rain Garden

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Large Trees: Used in areas larger than 800 square feet or more

These trees have large canopies and wide spreading root systems that eventually shade out all other understory plants. These trees will spread 10-50 feet in radius, depending on the species, from their center so correct design placement is needed.

Red Maple

Box Elder

Bald Cypress

Longleaf Pine*

River Birch

Pond Cypress

Green Ash

Willow Oak

Southern Magnolia*

Black Gum

Swamp Laurel Oak*

Service Berry

American Hornbeam

Atlantic White Cedar

Dogwood

Hackberry

Sugarberry

Carolina Ash

American Holly*

American Planetree

Swamp Chestnut Oak

Water Oak

Black Willow

Sassafrass

* Denotes an Evergreen

 

Small Trees: Used in areas 800 square feet and less.

These trees have much less of a canopy and spreading root systems. This group is more on a small residential scale and also used as understory plants in larger gardens. These trees will spread 5-15 feet in radius, depending on the species, from their center. Correct design and placement is needed.

Red Buckeye

Ironwood

Eastern Red Cedar*

Eastern Redbud

Sweet Bay Magnolia*

Fringe Tree

Possumhaw

Hawthorn

Red Bay*

Silky Dogwood

Cockspur Hawthorn

Painted Buckeye

Yaupon Holly*

Wax Myrtle*

Leatherwood

* Denotes an Evergreen

Shrubs: Used in all areas

Chokeberry

Groundsel Tree

Beautyberry

Buttonbush

Sweet Pepper-Bush

Inkberry Holly*

Winterberry Holly

Virginia Sweetspire

Spicebush

Swamp Azalea

Carolina Rose

Dwarf Palmetto

Elderberry

Highbush Blueberry

Possumhaw Viburnum

Witch Alder (Fothergilla)

Coastal Leucothoe*

Sweet Shrub

Swamp Rose

Anise Shrub*

St. John's Wort

Rosebay

Florida Leucothoe*

Dwarf Yaupon Holly

* Denotes an Evergreen

Ornamental Grasses: Used in all areas.

River Oats

Sweet/Muhly Grass

Slender Spikegrass

Switch Grass

Little Bluestem

Slender Indian Grass

Virginia Spiderwort

Big Bluestem


 

Ferns: Used in all areas.

Southern Lady Fern

Royal Fern

Cinnamon Fern

Marsh Fern

Sensitive Fern

Evergreen Wood Fern

Lady Fern

Rattlesnake Fern


 

Sedges and Rushes: Used in all areas

Lurid Sedge

Southern Waxy Sedge

Fringed Sedge

Woolgrass

White Topped Sedge

Tussock Sedge

 

Perennials: Used in all areas

Blue Star

Tickseed

Seashore Mallow

Black-Eyed Susan

Red Milkweed

Joe Pye Weed

Blazing Star

Goldenrod

Climbing Aster

Swamp Sunflower

Cardinal Flower

Ironweed

False Indigo

Swamp Mallow

Carolina Phlox

Verbena

Fringed Loosestrife

Great Solomon's Seal

White Turtlehead

Tall Coneflower

Columbine

Swamp Milkweed

Butterfly Milkweed

Coral Bells

Blue Lobelia

Obedient Plant

Purpletop

Jerusalem Artichoke

Golden Colic Root

Cana Lilly

Swamp Hibiscus

Lizard's Tail

Spotted Geranium